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y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

China Architecture News - Nov 25, 2022 - 15:20   1039 views

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

Shanghai-based architecture practice y.ad studio has converted a former architectural complex consisting of a former hospital and several old factory dormitories into a homestay hotel, offering bed and breakfast. 

Named Pushe - Xikou Homestay, the 2,336-square-metre project is located in the Rural Future Community in Xikou Town, Zhejiang Province, China

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

Aerial view

After a careful site investigation and analysis, y.ad studio conceived the design by centering on three questions: How to infuse new design into the existing complex while reserving the site's memory?, How to connect separate buildings to facilitate the daily operation of the Bed and Breakfast? and How to make use of the existing courtyards with dawn redwoods?.

y.ad studio's latest project Jijiadun Village Conference Center, Kunshan in China won the WA Awards in the 41st Cycle, which was named among the 10 Best Architecture/Realised projects.

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

Semi-aerial view

The office answers the first question of "how to infuse new design into the existing complex while reserving the site's memory?" in terms of contextual parameters. Read the full design narrative with architects' own words.

The walls, roofs and courtyards of the existing architectural complex were in shabby condition due to years of neglect. Nevertheless, the buildings still carry the historical traces of the 1960s and 1970s. When renovation started, the design team adopted a strategy that respected the historical background and cultural context of the complex, to improve its condition through micro transformation and minimum intervention. With a respect for its original texture, the architects managed to reserve the memory of the original space. 

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

Semi-aerial view

Through design and operation, the deserted old buildings are injected with new vitality. The complex is transformed into a venue that embodies the memory of the past and is suitable for people to live and use in modern time.

The architects focused more on the improvement of the interior environment. The facades were refurbished, restored and consolidated, designed in a restrained way to blend with the original buildings. While preserving the original architectural form and style, the design team updated the functions of the indoor spaces, to meet requirements for the operation of a B&B and comply with modern lifestyles and the habits of space using. To strengthen a sense of nostalgia, the interior spaces are decorated with elements and materials of the mining industry, which remind visitors of the site's memory in a certain historical period.

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

Courtyard entrance after renovation

The second question, titled How to connect separate buildings to facilitate the daily operation of the B&B?, unpacks the importance of new functions coherent with the existing typology.

As the space was set to function as a B&B, the original layout of the complex was too scattered and segmented to form a whole. 

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

Courtyard entrance after renovation

Therefore, the architects redistributed the spatial functions. The first floor of No.1 Building is used as a public area and a bar, while the second floor is used for guestrooms. Meanwhile, the first floor of No.3 Building is transformed into a restaurant, and the second floor is used as a venue for team building activities and meetings. Other buildings of the complex are used as guestrooms.

To ensure the independence and privacy of the B&B, the architects repaired the broken walls to enclose the complex. A covered corridor was also added to link the buildings. These measures not only reshape the circulation route and the hierarchy of the space, but also bring more unity to the site. 

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

Enclosure wall and pergola after renovation

The corridor is intended to provide a shelter from the weather, and to create a circulation route that leads visitors to move between different functional spaces and courtyards. With twists and turns that create different viewing angles, the circulation route brings varying visual and sensory experiences. 

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

Courtyard entrance after renovation

The final question, How to make use of the existing courtyards with dawn redwoods?, explains the design of interior spaces and courtyards. 

Dawn redwoods have grown for years in the existing courtyards in between buildings, giving the site a special, graceful quality. However, the original courtyard spaces, which were medium-sized, were not utilized properly. After the originally compartmentalized dormitories were transformed into guestrooms, the space was still quite limited. 

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

Corridor on 2F

After analysis, the design team decided to redesign and transform the interior structures of the guestrooms and relocate the courtyards. The No. 1 courtyard is used as an extension of the restaurant, and a public courtyard for leisure and dining purposes. 

The No. 2 and No. 3 courtyards are divided into large courtyards for public activities and small courtyards for guestrooms, so as to maximize the value of the spaces for public and private use while better integrating the dawn redwoods with the courtyards.

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

Corridor on 2F

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

Terrace & leisure area

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

Lobby and bar

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

Guestroom

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

Guestroom bathroom

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

No.1 courtyard and veranda

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

No.1 courtyard and veranda

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

No.1 courtyard and veranda

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

No.1 courtyard and veranda

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

No.1 courtyard and veranda

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

No.2 courtyard and veranda

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

No.2 courtyard and veranda

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

Brick fence and pergola after renovation

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

No.1 courtyard and dawn redwoods

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

No.1 courtyard and dawn redwoods

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

No.1 courtyard & public leisure area

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

No.1 courtyard & public leisure area

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

No.1 courtyard & public leisure area

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

Outdoor dining area at the sunken courtyard

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

Retained old gate of No.2 courtyard

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

No.3 courtyard & outdoor activity area

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

No.3 courtyard & outdoor activity area

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

Large and small courtyards

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

Site diagram

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

Functional layout

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

Transformation strategy diagram

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

Exploded diagram

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

First floor plan

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

Second floor plan

y.ad studio converts former hospital and old factory dormitories into homestay hotel in China

Roof plan

Project facts

Project name: Pushe - Xikou Homestay

Location: Xikou Town, Longyou County, Quzhou City, Zhejiang Province

Development organization: People's Government of Xikou Town, Longyou County

Commissioner: Xband

Design firm: y.ad studio

Chief architect: Yan Yang

Designer: Wu Kejia

Architectural design collaboration: Shanghai Times Architecture Design Co., Ltd.

Construction drawings: Hangzhou Zhongya Architectural Design Co., Ltd.

Design & construction management: Zhu Zhen, Gao Chengkai, Jia Yidong

Project area: 2,336 square meters

Main materials: red brick, glass brick, weathering steel, aluminum panel, paint, laminated bamboo panel

Design phase: March 2020 – June 2020

Construction phase: March 2021 - December 2021

Top image: Facades after renovation. Image © SCHRAN.

All images © SCHRAN.

All drawings © y.ad studio.

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