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1-1 Architects built modular and floating apartment with slender pillars to have minimum footprint

Japan Architecture News - Aug 26, 2019 - 02:04   6633 views

1-1 Architects built modular and floating apartment with slender pillars to have minimum footprint

Japanese architecture firm 1-1 Architects has built a floating apartment that stands on slender pillars to have a minimum footprint at a site in Aichi Prefecture, Japan.

Called Apartment MK, the 174,43-square-metre apartment includes scattered grey brick-covered units and are supported with staircase rooms, the project's aim is to use the site as efficient and usable as possible with a minimum environmental impact. 

1-1 Architects built modular and floating apartment with slender pillars to have minimum footprint

Situated in Kariya city, Aichi Prefecture, the site includes many apartments with the concentration of affiliated companies of major automobile manufacturers in the surrounding area. 

1-1 Architects built modular and floating apartment with slender pillars to have minimum footprint

"On the other hand, many green spaces and fields like farm left for development by the Green Land Law remain. The owner has lived in this area for many years and has long been a landowner who owns this site and many others," said the studio. 

"When we build a new apartment in a rural area, we think about parking space. Around this site, where household income and marriage rates are high, two parking lots are common to each home." 

1-1 Architects built modular and floating apartment with slender pillars to have minimum footprint

The architects stated that in the surrounding apartment, first, a large asphalt parking space was planned along the front road, and a building was planned in the surplus area inevitably. 

1-1 Architects built modular and floating apartment with slender pillars to have minimum footprint

By such a construction method, a big shadow fell in the adjacent green space and the field, and the architects felt that it was also negative to the ecosystem including the human being who was brought up there. 

1-1 Architects built modular and floating apartment with slender pillars to have minimum footprint

In this project, they proposed a construction method to maintain the continuity of the ecosystem and keep the impact on the environment small when building rental housing in a local city where production green areas remain.

1-1 Architects built modular and floating apartment with slender pillars to have minimum footprint

Specifically, the necessary rooms of the apartment were first broken up into each room. And by rejoining them while floating in the air, the architects tried to open the ground surface and secure the terrestrial ecosystem from the adjacent production green area. 

Each room floated in the air cannot stand on its own, but it was structured so that each dwelling unit supported each other around the staircase room. 

1-1 Architects built modular and floating apartment with slender pillars to have minimum footprint

As a result, the number of pillars falling to the ground was reduced as much as possible, and the pillars were made as thin as the planting stems of the exterior garden. 

1-1 Architects built modular and floating apartment with slender pillars to have minimum footprint

"We plan based on biological rationality to choose the most suitable pillar diameter depending on the condition so that the trunk becomes thick as the height of the plant becomes taller," added the firm. 

1-1 Architects built modular and floating apartment with slender pillars to have minimum footprint

The whole is connecting the 4 units of the same plan while rotating or reversing to increase the economy and rationality. In addition, the studio made a layout plan based on sun conditions and the surrounding environment. By building all the roofs and outer walls with the same material finish, this group of buildings is planned to form a forest with overlapping leaves. 

1-1 Architects built modular and floating apartment with slender pillars to have minimum footprint

The uneven shape mixes the life of the resident with planting and animal ecosystems equally and dissolves in surrounding ecosystems. The operation to ecosystem including human beings leads to improvement of value as rental housing including a solution to noise problem with the neighboring door and securing of covered parking.

1-1 Architects built modular and floating apartment with slender pillars to have minimum footprint

1-1 Architects built modular and floating apartment with slender pillars to have minimum footprint

1-1 Architects built modular and floating apartment with slender pillars to have minimum footprint

1-1 Architects built modular and floating apartment with slender pillars to have minimum footprint

1-1 Architects built modular and floating apartment with slender pillars to have minimum footprint

1-1 Architects built modular and floating apartment with slender pillars to have minimum footprint

1-1 Architects built modular and floating apartment with slender pillars to have minimum footprint

1-1 Architects built modular and floating apartment with slender pillars to have minimum footprint

1-1 Architects built modular and floating apartment with slender pillars to have minimum footprint

All images courtesy of 1-1 Architects

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