World Architecture Awards 10+5+X Submissions

World Architecture Awards Submissions / 42nd Cycle

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Architectural Projects Interior Design Projects
George Aponte Dominican Republic (2022-)

Nov 12, 2022
Inspired in our aboriginal tainos shelter, ten units of mini ecolodge villas are developed on both sides adjoining a large central tropical garden in the purest and leafiest state. A circular module on two levels with a gray roof will house the reception and spa to give comfortable service to guests. In the background at the southern end an "infinity" pool with its respective sunbathing recreation area, takes advantage of the beautiful ocean view.
The constructions will be made with a hybrid system of concrete, wood, "cana"roofing and limestone finishes from site.
The villas are developed on two levels plus roof terrace type viewpoint, the first level will consist of the social areas: living room, dining room, kitchen, gallery, bathroom, and staircase. The second level will accommodate the two rooms, with a bathroom and closet.
The project includes parking spaces for car and bicycles. The lobby is a large gazebo with a reception with waiting and bathrooms on first level and a spa with all its facilities on top floor with a great view all around.
Green areas with "xeriscaping" vegetation for users’ recreation, and a walkway that will connect all the units with the other areas of the complex.
The foundation is resolved with insulated reinforced concrete planned the steps for the networks of sanitary
The structures of the villas are projected in reinforced concrete, with square columns of 20 cm x 20 cm and mezzanines based on flat slab of 15 cm.
To counteract the effects of the earthquake and hurricane, rigid walls were designed at strategic sites.

Land of 3,352 m2 the plan of this section of the land is irregular in shape, like a rectangle with irregular topography and rugged in the extreme south with about five meters of slope (5 m.)
Ten (10) units of mini ecolodge villas of 125m2 with two floors, (64.5 m2 each level)
Total of construction of villas 1,250 m2
Common area 430 m2

Architect George Aponte, MBA, LEED AP Homes, EDGE Expert
Architect Carmen Rita Mendez, MB, LEED AP B C, EDGE Expert
Heka City
The project is located in New Ciaotou. It is a mature residential area adjacent to the Kaohsiung Science and Technology Park. Education has not been made a priority in this area so a school was created using the advantages of the natural environment to improve preschool children's awareness and exploration of the natural ecology.
Metabolic architecture, was officially created as a style on an international platform for the first time at the World Design Conference held in Tokyo, Japan in 1960
From Kenzo Tange, Kisho Kurokawa ,Arata Isozaki and others who attended the conference. This architecture employed biological metaphors and proliferation by cell differentiation. It is as if the buildings in the city and the area are simultaneously structured, organized, and flowed, forming a coherent whole from change. This is undoubtedly a thought-provoking architectural development logic for the architecture of children's education.
We try to make the educational space and play space unfold at a higher level below the ground level, symbolizing that the growth of all things basically originates from the earth. While other activity spaces, such as teacher offices, conference rooms and art museum, are placed on the upper floors. The buildings can be freely extended upwards like plants, and the architectural space on the higher floors is only defined by glass because of the integration of the natural environment
We are moving towards the virus being more endemic. In the post-pandemic era. We need to completely rethink our lifestyle and establish an independent space. When people enter the space, they first need to comply with typical pandemic prevention measures.

Project area: 11,149.06 square meters
The building consists of a 4 by 4 linear element made of layered systems of intersecting infrastructural cycles on different scales. This is an organizational scheme for communication in three dimensions. It reduces used space to a grid structure that would house the individual elements. It becomes a scheme that could grow and change. The main form, accommodates different elements with various metabolic life cycles. This helps realize the correspondence between the basic needs of the building, both real and virtual.
With the free development of the 4 by 4-meter frame form. The tree species are planted to cross the virtual and real, between the frames. Trees grow in the frame, and the sunlight shines on the white frame to create light and shadow as if living in an environment close to nature. Outside the frame is glass, and the penetration of glass connects the external environment with people. Indoor spaces and balconies are placed at an angle, and it is expected that the completion of this experimental metabolic architectural space can bring a little reflection to our traditional society.
The kindergarten has an ecological pool with rocks of different shapes and sizes next to the entrance. The rocks serve a symbiotic and aesthetic function. They provide a place to protect the fish against the sun and also allow the growth of algae which is an important source fish food. There are small fish in the pool which students can provide educational value to the students nearby. Migratory birds will also stop by to create a small biosphere as found in nature. Around the kindergarten We put in animal statues of giraffes to create an atmosphere that combines the environment and biology.
STUDIO NAME: Chain10 Architecture & Interior Design Institute
Memorial Space for Healthcare Professionals and Marketplace, Ankara
Demet Oruc Turkey (2021-)

Oct 24, 2022
The project, designed for an area with low physical environmental quality and heavy traffic in the capital Ankara, aims to meet two exaggeratedly irrelevant public functions, such as a memorial place for the healthcare workers we lost in the fight against COVID-19 and a marketplace used by the public. The etymological origin of the word Sihhiye, which is the name of the project location, refers to the fact that the area hosted health institutions and the Ministry of Health buildings in the history of the country while it is a traditional trade center at the same time today. Within the scope of the project, in addition to the memorial place and the marketplace, the pedestrian platform and the urban park on the roof of the marketplace that ensure the continuity of the pedestrian circulation and the green network were designed to increase the ecological and sociological quality of the city. The most challenging aspect of the project is the solution of a function that requires calm and respect, such as the commemoration area for healthcare workers, and the marketplace, which is the noisiest and lively area where shopping activities take place in the city, in such close interaction. In addition, connecting Kurtulus Park and Abdi Ipekci Park with an elevated pedestrian platform while doing this, to connect the two parks into a larger biotope that is more ecologically valuable, creating a continuous green network through the urban park designed on the roof of the marketplace express the most original value of the project. Instead of waiting for a special day to remember healthcare workers, one of the goals of the project is to commemorate them with respect and calmness in the ordinary course of life. Collecting rainwater, contributing to the ecological quality of the city with pollination gardens, and providing sustainable support to the city by producing its own compost from the marketplace with vegetable and fruit wastes are also the ecological concerns of the project.


Known as the "pioneer tree" with its altruistic, courageous, protective, curative, and humble attitude, Birch (Betula Alba) exhibits a character that overlaps with healthcare professionals. For this reason, Betula Alba was used throughout the project to refer to heroic and self-sacrificing healthcare workers. Memorial space basically consists of six components: homage steps, Birch, water, corten blocks, decking, and light sticks.

Water: Water in the memorial area symbolize the life revived, together with the aquatic plants in it.

Homage Steps: It is a sightseeing and awareness space created by directing the designed platform to the memorial area. It is aimed to provide passive participation with a glance from the steps to the memorial every day of the year.

Birch and Corten Blocks: Birch, located in the center of the memorial area and larger than the others, symbolizes the healthcare workers who continue to fight and the hope they give us; besides, Birch trunks on corten blocks represent healthcare workers who have passed away. Because healthcare professionals are in our lives for 12 months of the year and 12 timezones of the day, 12 blocks consisting of corten and polycarbonate laminated birch trunk prints were designed.

Lighting Bar: The lighting bars represent the fact that health workers illuminate the dark days we are in, and the hope they spread around.


Wooden sliding panels used on the facade make the area flexible for various weather conditions and functions. The sliding panels also contribute to the air flow, allow for the visual permeability with the surroundings, and provide a completely open facade when necessary. In addition to the neighborhood market that will be set up seven days a week, service areas such as a kitchen workshop, headman's office, municipal police, seminar rooms, study workshops, baby care room and storage areas have been designed to increase the vitality and use of the marketplace.


Transportation System and Accessibility: Within the project’s scope, a design strategy has been adopted that provides an uninterrupted pedestrian connection between Kurtulus Park and Abdi Ipekci Park both from the ground level and from the upper level consisting of the elevated pedestrian platform and the green roof of the marketplace. An integrated public space was designed, including the memorial and the green roof, and the transportation system was facilitated by supporting it with alternative systems like bicycle and scooter.

Green System: The holistic green system was proposed on the city scale to restore the connections between the isolated green areas. The green continuity between the two parks is ensured both at the ground level by preserving the existing natural values and at the upper level by using the walkable green roof and pedestrian platform while providing pedestrians with an uninterrupted green experience between these two parks.


Ecological and Sociological Strategy: With the open green area, social and physical mobility is encouraged; moreover, it is aimed that different social groups can use the space within the same time period for different purposes. In this scenario, the memorial space has been evaluated as an urban meeting/gathering point.

Rainwater Storage and Rain Garden: Rainwater collected from impermeable hard surfaces is guided to the pedestrian platform, cleared of organic loads and heavy metals with the rain garden plants used, and stored in the underground warehouses created below the platform.

Compost LAB: With the "Compost Lab", which is designed to use the organic wastes produced in the marketplace for the vegetative growth of the designed area. The other aim is to raise social awareness in a frequently visited area.

Project Area: 12900 sqm
Impact Area: 65300 sqm
Marketplace: 3731 sqm
Memorial Space: 1300 sqm
Pedestrian Platform (Green and Walkable Areas on the Upper Level): 7250 sqm
Total Green Area (Including Abdi Ipekci Park and Green Roof): 33914 sqm
Other Service Areas (Cafe, WC, etc.): 760 sqm
Gülden Demet ORUÇ
Işık Sevinç KESKİN
Emre KUL
Nagpur Station
Studio Symbiosis India (2019-)

Oct 23, 2022
One of the oldest and busiest stations in the world, Nagpur Junction Railway Station, is redeveloped as a contemporary transit hub that reflects the iconic heritage.

This project juxtaposes the traditional and the contemporary, fusing together historic and nouveau to create a design that responds not only to the modern city of Nagpur, but also speaks to its historic value. The project focuses on the reclamation of an iconic heritage building.

The entire design is evolved from a traditional arch, derived from the pre-existing station itself. Each terminal is composed of arches spanning the openings by the means of separate units assembled into an upward curve to maintain their structural integrity. The individual arch and vault shape is extracted in shape and scale from the existing station, so as to create a harmonious extension of the terminal.

The design is developed from the basic geometry of a two-dimensional arch, further evolved into a three-dimensional structural system. The imbricating pattern on the arches is carried forward in the entire terminal to create almost a kaleidoscopic effect, enthralling and fascinating the inhabitants of the station. The tessellated expression of the new roof allows an interesting play of light and shadow within the station.

The design of this structure comprises of a series of steel modules of four-point arches rendered into ribbed columns. Due to the nature of the ever-running station, the entire system is prefabricated, allowing ease of construction and optimum efficiency. The geometry reduces the exterior square footage exposed to wear and tear by nature’s elements, reducing overall maintenance and energy costs. The steel structure can withstand structural load even in oscillating weather conditions. Translucent double-glazing panels are used for exterior partitions, providing a lightness and openness to the overall design.

The redevelopment of the Nagpur Junction Station is not only about creating a meaningful design, but also re-organizing the station’s transit system and further creating a transit hub in one of the city’s busiest areas. The creation of a new arrival terminal and departure terminal creates segregated movement within the station.


New collective living form for Chinese under three child policy
Xiang Zhu Hong Kong (2022-2022)

Oct 24, 2022
Position Statement
Due to the dynamic societal change, the future development of cities is becoming increasingly unpredictable. We understand the complexity of the socio-economic urban conditions and we acknowledge the many deciding factors may not even be under control of the designers or the client. For me urban design is a collective framework, no urban design should aim to control the urban life within it to the last detail.
What’s the design task of the architects in this open work? I think architects and urban designers should reposition themselves as the mediator among the institutions, investors and communities, that’s the only way for architects to regain the agency in the society. In my thesis, I design the formula of spatial limitations based on specific rule-sets derived from precedents and field research. And this framework will be executed not only as a construction target, but also as rules and guidance, in other words, act as regulatory mechanism, then the future resident can fulfill their own goal, the framework builds to realize the plurality of the society.

The idea came from the “three-child policy” recently announced by the Chinese Communist Party as
a strategy to relieve problems brought by the low fertility rate and the aging society. The aim of
the policy is to build a caring social environment throughout the family life cycle. If the policy could be
implemented nationwide, the living space for the citizens would be greatly affected.

Site and Site Conditions
The housing as inelastic demand usually costs ordinary people several decades to repay the debt, but the space they inhabit is quite repetitive in which the biggest difference of the house is the furniture comparing to their neighbors. The clusters of the housing in urban area in China comprise the microdistrict, or the so-called superblock.
The positive effect of the such urban typology is obvious, it can provide the framework and infrastructure to enable and encourage a more sustainable urban model at the scale of a neighborhood4 , especially when considering the Chinese government’s modernization plan is to fully integrate 70 percent of the country’s population into the cities by 2025.
In this project, the site will be the superblocks in China. The superblocks as the typical urban unit in China, but they are also spatial instruments with social, cultural, environmental, and economic implications, operating between the scales of architecture and the city. 5 The most typical programme that the superblocks accommodate in China is the miocrodistrict. The current microdistrict model has inherited spatial features of the danwei but has lost most of the collective elements of the older housing model.

In satellite map it is an urban compound divided by the public roads of the city, separated by the fences or the shops along the boundary. Most of them today are predominantly single-use residential complex, which include only a minimum of public amenities. The construction of the microdistrict is the clearing of the site to accommodate the new planning. So almost every microdistrict is built on a tabula rasa, which means there is no context of the site, every microdistrict is an anonymous urban island, taking no part in the overall social or spatial narrative. And it has been built everywhere in urban China, as Rem Koolhaas mentioned in The Generic City, “an endless repetition of the same simple structural module.” “If there was nothing, now they are there; if there was something they have replaced it.”6
Site in this thesis will come after the prototypical unit testing part. And the site can be various because the system construction should function as a device first then the context of site in terms of configuration, access, local regulations and neighboring blocks will be the inputs to the system, the result will be initial composition of units calculated through the system for further development.
The site will be the unbuilt superblock in the second or third-tier city in China where the housing market is less absurd for the young couples or the people who retired so the housing price will not be the most dominant element when people make decision on where to settle down, otherwise the current residential tower type is already the most efficient and direct profit-driven product of the market.

The timing of the concept actually starts on May 31, 2021 when the Chinese government announced the “Three-child policy”, however the duration of the project is unpredictable due to the shifting government policy. Looking back to the past, the “One-child policy” became a fundamental policy in China in 1979 and it lasted until 2010s. Then the “Two-child policy” was introduced on December 27, 2015 to solve the problem of population ageing. Due to this dynamic societal change, the timeframe cannot be accurately estimated.
The demographic factor is the most basic variable that affects the housing market. Population growth and structural changes will affect the entire market. The current population problem in China lies mainly in two aspects, namely the problem of population aging and the problem of low fertility rate. For the real estate market, the new population released under the "three-child" policy will increase housing demand but the extreme high housing price in new first-tier cities deters the young couples from having more than one child, so the contradiction of low birth rate and high housing price is quite an urgent social problem in China. In addition, large cost of bringing up children is also an important factor when couples consider whether have another baby.
In the current housing market, the most dominant type is still designed for the nuclear family, which is formed in “One-child policy” era. However, this model of development does not match with the current demographic diversification, which shift from the main nuclear family model to diverse forms of co-habitation, the urgency is that there is few considerations for the people like individuals or young couples in the housing of microdistrict, so they have very limited living choice in the city, either rent a subdivided unit of a housing or capsule apartment in the periphery of the city.
Another urgency relates to the aging society issue. As I mention, the typical multigenerational housing still allocates the elderly as a subordinary group to the nuclear family, so this type of co-living often provides the elderly a room with independent bathroom in the house of nuclear family, and they share the living room under the same roof, but then the living room becomes the place where domestic conflicts occurred. Different daily routine intensifies such conflicts. Although it is called multigenerational housing, but nuclear family housing are still the main tendency of such a living.
So how can the microdistrict adapt to the demographic change is the main theme I want to explore.

The aim of the thesis is to speculate the next collective living form of the Chinese in urban area. Currently the typical operation of Chinese housing market is that when the urban plot is leased to a developer company, the housing product of this site will be determined mainly by the location of the site, then the target of profit is set by the developers, from the target certain housing types will be recommended to the architects, which means the urban plot will only accommodate certain group of people of the same social class, so each microdistrict is actually a social enclave.
The main user of this project is the middle-class Chinese who choose to settle in the 2 or 3-tier cities in urban China, as for them the housing is the priority when they want to settle down and form a family. With more aging population and improvement of housing conditions, the developmental request changes from the quantity of housing to the quality of living environment. In addition, due to the diversification of living model, there is also an increasing demanding for more housing products other than just for the typical nuclear family type of housing which was largely shaped by the “One-child policy” of the past.

Design Question
Aim of the policy:a caring social environment throughout the family life cycle.
When consider the life cycle of a family, now the housing product in market are too rigid to change, what will happen if you have an apartment with three bedrooms empty for the next 30 years when the children leave home?
Question 1: Can the layout of the house adapt to the life cycle of the family?
Problem definition: building adaptability, the possibility to enlarge or shrink a building or units within a building overtime.
Due to the implement of “three-child policy”, the The typical model of a nuclear family, resulted from “one-child policy”, consisting of the offspring growing up with their parents and moving out only when they wish to start their own families, has shifted to more diverse and dynamically changing models like single occupants, single parents, multigenerational cohabiting households and many others. These are demographic shifts that residential design in China have not been able to keep pace with.
Question 2: Can the new housing typology provide for more neutral and open-ended dwelling options?
Problem definition: the "one-child policy" led to more "sandwich generations," where childcare and adultcare needs compete with each other.

This project envisions the individuality in a collective living form for Chinese when the real estate boom recedes, speculates the changing behavior of habitation along with the new housing typologies when the new policy of birth is about to implement.
I understand the time limit of the thesis duration, the main focus of this thesis project will be prototypical relationship of the living units and the urban block in the era of “Three-child policy” China. These are issues I wish to explore, and this thesis project will be the starting point for this life-long research.

If we reexamine the current microdistrict model which targeted for the nuclear family, there is a need for housing revolution for accommodate more diverse living model. The emergence of “Three-child policy” calls for a new caring social environment, adding more bedrooms or simply enlarge the size of the housing cannot ease the problem of aging society or the shortage of housing for other models of cohabitation.
The operation of the housing market also needs to be changed. Current operation has four stages, decision-making, design, approval, construction and pre-sale. The future residents only get involved in the pre-sale stage, which is quite passive and passive for the future residents as their living pattern is predetermined by the developer. There is a need for the participatory process before the stage of construction.

Method and Structure:
The iterative method of working will be a series of study drawings, which are the housing plans
related to the birth policy. For instance, influenced by the “One-child policy”, the promoted model of
living is nuclear family unit, which is two-bedroom unit, one for the parents, and one for the only child,
and the shared space only met the minimum living requirement. The multigenerational family flat type
began to emerge in the Eighth Five-Year Plan. The difference comparing to the nuclear family flat is
the addition of one bedroom and one bathroom, but it did not help to relieve the domestic conflicts.
With the raising living standard, more and more residential housing types were put forward. The
drawing of different housing plans and the analytical diagram will help formulate chronological plan
manual for further development.
Then the prototypical relationship and the spatial hierarchy between units will be formed based on
certain rules. This is the floor level study. Continue to scale up to the cluster of units, which is the
building level based on the previous research.
This mehod sets up the framework in which the research output of the previous scale will be the input
of the next scale. And I adapt generative design as a simulation tool to explore the design potential,
rather than manually manipulate each unit for aggregation.
I have been practicing with the evolutionary solver of Grasshopper throughout the first semester in
the final year, to me it is a quite effective tool to do the simulation, however the evolutionary solver
is not tool made for designing without human intervention, it exhibits the results of simulation within
the framework of rules defined by the designer, and the designer can make decisions based on the
optimized results, make balance and give priorities to different rules. The making of rules will build on
the advices collecting from the different stakeholders and conditions of the site, so in this process the
act of making decisions is rationalized, rather than from the solo aspects like aesthetics or economics,
and it can be evaluated because the idea is not from instinct of single architects’ ideology.
The success is to turn the simulation into a well-developed design system, which can compute
specific design languages of housing and planning of the blocks from the distinct site conditions.
Failure will be to go too far beyond architecture or the system become too rigid to change.

Generative Design
Individual work: Xiang Zhu
Advisor: Kaicong Wu