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Zikawei Library features a spacious atrium with deep alcoves inspired by Chinese trousseau box
China Architecture News - May 01, 2023 - 15:17 1244 views
Wutopia Lab has created a spacious, three-storey central atrium featuring deep alcoves, creating mezzanine floors on both sides within a building in Shanghai, China.
Named Zikawei Library, the library is located within a building, which was originally designed as a bookstore by David Chipperfield Architects.
After the facade and the structure of the building were completed, the building was left abandoned. The building received two investments and was decided to be designated as a public library in Zikawei District.
"No matter what anybody tells you, words and ideas can change the world. Dead Poets Society (1989)."
Exterior view and the context
Opened in the beginning of 2023, coming to be the most sensational cultural landmark in Shanghai, it was also the first time that the project was known to the whole city before the official announcement from the studio.
Wutopia lab designed the interiors of the project. Instead of changing the outer skin of the original structure, the studio developed a new spatial narrative based on the characteristics of the project to implant or dissolve the original architecture, thus creating a nouveau experience known as magical realism.
Main façade of the building
Featuring a three-story atrium, the library has a mezzanine on both sides. This classical atrium occupies the center of the central axis. "We want to avoid this classical-centered narrative, nor do we want to completely neglect it," said Wutopia Lab.
"In his book Underland: A Deep Time Journey, Robert Macfarlane observes that the burial of uranium waste from nuclear reactors: people seal the spent uranium cores in zirconium rods in copper columns, which are embeded in iron cylinders, at the same time, iron cylinders encased in bentonite slurry, and finally store them deep underground in rock formations, thousands of feet deep in gneiss, granite, or rock salt. This seems to be a common procedure in human societies to preserve important objects."
The classical, three-story atrium
The studio envisioned the structure as "Chinese boxes within boxes" with its nested layers, which inspired the team to implement the classical centered order as well as create a new narrative.
"We create a "Chinese nested box" structure in the Zikawei Library, which is derived from the traditional Chinese trousseau box in the Han Dynasty," the studio continued.
The architects describe the first layer of the box with a thin façade designed by David Chipperfield Architects, while the second layer consists of the main programs of the library such as coffee, various reading areas, lecture halls, exhibition halls.
On the other hand, the third layer consists of a donut-shaped aisle and the fourth layer comprises an atrium that serves as the library's reading hall.
Lastly, the heart of the library is the last protected treasure of the box structure.
Aerial view to the atrium
This narrative structure translates into space, where the second and third layers can be seen as part A and the fourth and fifth layers as part B. As for the outermost façade as the outer skin of the set, the inner set can be expressed independently in design without being influenced by its architectural language. And the treasure on the fifth layer does not constitute a spatial meaning, but it does exist to complete the symbolic meaning of the box set.
"Then what could be the treasures collected in this set box?," asked the studio. "Since the Zikawei Library was once going to integrate the Tou-Se-We Museum, the pagoda from the Tou-Se-We was introduced here."
"As a library, it should also contain its own iconic representation, a reading table."
The longest reading table in Shanghai
The architects put in a reading table which is close to 30 meters, the longest in Shanghai. Together they both reinforce the central axis, also becoming the most important treasure in the Chinese nested boxes.
According to Wutopia lab's dualism strategy, once the two main structures of A and B are sorted out, part A and B can be used as opposing sentences of each other.
The nested layers
A, as a packaging set of boxes, can express solidity with concrete, terrazzo and paint. B, as a storaging set box, can express lovingly with the warm wood tone.
In the A area, it is also necessary to finely distinguish the second and third layers with paving and gray variations and nest smaller boxes in the main functional area as a library.
On the second floor, the cafe is a round island, the children's reading area is a round centralized seating reading area, and on the second floor, a stained glass box taken from the glasswork of Tou-Se-We is embedded as a resting area. On the third floor, the skylight left by DCA combined with lighting is designed as a resting sofa between the second and third layers of boxes.
The nested layers
In the B section, the mezzanine on both sides of the atrium is designed as an intimate scale reading and display area. This enriches the structure of the nested layers. In order to strengthen the visual, at the junction between the two areas, the flooring and ceiling are made besides, so that the two areas could each form an independent visual expression.
The B area, where the treasures are collected, exhibits a sacredness. In this regard, the architects borrowed the basilica, a typical spatial type of Catholic churches in the neighborhood of the library, to sanctify the atrium.
The atrium ceiling is designed as an arch to complete the symbolic interpretation of the library as a temple of knowledge for people nowadays.
The arch-form language is replicated on the first floor to form a continuous spatial expression, further divorcing the interior narrative structure from the facade construction logic to better fit the narrative of the Chinese set box.
And because the Tou-Se-We Museum did not end up incorporating the library, we didn’t introduce the pagoda into the atrium. In the end, the decision was made to print a modern design rewritten pagoda in 3D printing as the culmination of the axis. In this way, the Western basilica and the Eastern pagoda, the traditional wooden structure and the modern printing technology as a pair cleverly completed the proposition, combining East and West and blending the ancient and the modern. Thus the symbolic meaning of Zikawei as the source of modern Chinese science is sublimated in the structure of the nested Chinese set of boxes in layers.
Kids reading space
Wutopia lab believes that any interior should be designed from an architectural perspective, to actively interact with the city. The Zikawei Library is the public library in the Zikawei district, rather than a research library. It should be designed to build a stronger connection within the community. Therefore, instead of a closed and inward-looking cultural place, the Zikawei Library should be more welcoming, not only to attract people who read, but also to those who don't.
The atrium showing from the facade would be a good opportunity to welcome people. The studio designed the atrium to be a warm lighting open space, visible through the colonnade behind the translucent facade, to offer a soothing island for people who travel in the unsettling sea of the metropolitan.
Kids reading space
"The openness in a library should not jeopardize the reading experience, therefore, we took advantage of the wide balcony left by David Chipperfield and changed it into a step seating area to provide more public reading spaces," said the studio.
"The bookstore faces an exquisite city street square."
"We looked at the square as a stage and the stepped seating area as a theater where readers sit as audience. As "You stand on the bridge viewing the sight; You're beheld by the viewer from height" (Part of Article, Bian Zhilin, 1935), the interaction between the two interrupts the rigid façade," the office continued.
The client asked for a cantilevered balcony from the colonnade, which would break the rhythm of the original façade.
After a lot of testing and deliberate thinking, the studio designed a tiny step on the side of the balcony on the second floor for people to step out. This tiny step provides a vast view into the city, as if in the air, just like the tiny step we took to change our whole perspective to life.
Mezzanine reading space
"A welcoming library re-activates the community and renews the city. The Zikawei Library was more popular than we expected, with 180,000 people flocking to the library in two months, including many who had never been to the library before," said the office.
For the first time ever, a place of public interest became the first and hottest landmark in town and drove the Zikawei business district, which had not been in the city's view for a long time, into the spotlight again. That's the magic of a library. This is the magic of Shanghai.
Alicia: How big is the universe?
A Beautiful Mind (2001)
Mezzanine reading space
A modern design rewritten pagoda in 3D printing
Main facade night view
The step seating area
The colonnade facing the square
First floor plan
Second floor plan
Third floor plan
Wutopia Lab has designed a cafe adding emotions, historical details and touches within the space in Shanghai Historical Museum, China.
The studio also created a showroom, evoking Chinese red mountains with dazzling orange-color peaks at the roof of the building on Ma'an Island, Zhongshan, Guangdong in China.
Project Name: Zikawei Library
Design Firm: Wutopia Lab
Principal Architect: YU Ting
Project Manager: PU Shengrui
Pre-Project Architect: LI Mingshuai
Post-Project Architect: PU Shengrui
Library Phase Design Team: KANG Qinghe, JIANG Xueqin, AN An, CHEN Jun, CHEN Shaofen, WANG Jing
Design Consultation: S5 Design Co., Ltd
Bookstore Phase Design Team: JIN Rui, PAN Hui, WANG Liyang, PAN Dali, YU Jing
Lighting Design Consultant: ZHANG Chenlu, CAI Mingjie, WEI Shiyu
Graphic Design Consultant: MEEM DESIGN (XIU Zi，CHEN Siyu)
Exhibit Design Consultant: Shanghai Art-Designing Co., LTD.
Installation Construction and Design: Fab-Union Technology
Lighting Design Consultant for Installation: ZHANG Chenlu, DU Yuxuan, LI Wenhai
Construction Drawing: Arcplus Architectural Decoration & Landscape Design Research Institute Co., Ltd.
Client: Xuhui District Administration of Culture and Tourism, Xuhui District Library
Constructor: Arcplus Architectural Decoration & Landscape Design Research Institute Co., Ltd.
Project Location: Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
Building Area: 18,650m2
Design Year & Completion Year: 2017.5-2021.12
Construction Completion Year: December, 2022
All images © CreatAR Images.
All drawings © Wutopia Lab.
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