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gmp converts disused stainless steel factory turned into art academy in Shanghai
China Architecture News - Jul 06, 2021 - 15:11 2137 views
The 860-meter-long factory will have its distinctive basic structure, including the characteristic ventilation towers on the roof, that would accommodate the Shanghai Academy of Fine Arts.
The Baowu Stainless Steel factory is located in the Wusong industrial area, the factory started operations in 1986 and, for 30 years, played an important part in China’s steel production. The project is being developed as part of a larger redevelopment plan transforming old industrial site into an art district.
Central corridor. Image © Willmore CG
Having been vacated in 2016, the monumental building has been designated for conversion into the main location of the Shanghai Academy of Fine Arts, a focal point of the art quarter that is currently being created on the site of the former industrial estate.
The art academy, which is part of Shanghai University, is one of the country’s key institutions for the study of art and for international art exchange.
"In China, too, the revitalization of existing buildings is becoming increasingly popular," said gmp.
Communication area. Image © Willmore CG
gmp's new project is currently one of the most important reuse projects in an urban context. The firm will preserve the basic structure of the industrial building, while using corten steel frames that will frame an access corridor in the core of the building - running from east to west along the central axis for the entire length of the 860-meter-long building.
"These new frame elements resonate with the existing industrial architecture—the dark concrete and the dark steel framing," said gmp.
The corridor will double up as an exhibition area and will generally be a place where students, teachers and campus visitors can meet.
Image © Willmore CG
There are five points where the axis can be crossed by north-south traffic: three pedestrian intersections and two cross-over points for motorized traffic. At these points the corridor is built in the form of a bridge.
The distinctive structures on the roof are integrated in the design as space-defining roof lights that give the corridor a certain rhythm along its entire length.
Bird‘s-eye view south. Image © Willmore CG
The facades will be opened up and replaced with large glazing panels and metal mesh as a second skin. The design includes important energy-conserving devices for the air conditioning of the building, such as the activation of the existing natural roof ventilation, the new double-skin facade, and floor channels that provide natural cooling to the inlet air.
Main entrance west with plaza. Image © Willmore CG
With its approximately 220,000 square meters of gross floor area, the new art academy will include all important teaching facilities as well as studios, a publicly accessible forum with restaurants and retail areas, a library, sports facilities, a museum, and more exhibition areas.
The planned halls of residence on the campus will provide accommodation for the academy’s 600 teaching staff and 4000 students, many of whom will come from abroad.
Bird‘s-eye view southwest. Image © Willmore CG
Bird‘s-eye view southwest, existing. Image © gmp Architects
Interior space organization. Image © gmp Architects
Schematic corridor frame arrangement. Image © gmp Architects
Design: Meinhard von Gerkan and Nikolaus Goetze with Magdalene Weiss
Competition Lead: Li Yang
Project Management, China: Pan Mei, Zhang Yayun
Competition Team: Guo Qiang, Philipp Wüstenberg, Raymond James Tripodi, Su Wen, Vincent Paar, Wang Yehan, Zhu Lingli, Zheng Yilin
Structural Engineering: schlaich bergermann partner
Power Engineering: Transsolar Energietechnik GmbH
Air Conditioning: Institute of HVAC Engineering, Tongji University
Client: Shanghai Baosteel Stainless Steel Co., Ltd.
GFA: 220,000 m²
Top image © Willmore CG