More than winning in awards & competitions and the praise of experts, we are looking for help to people who may have been less noticed in the design of architects and urban planners. Every year, many homeless people around the world die from the cold. Our team believes that every human life is valuable and we have started a design to save people's lives and we hope that this plan will grow like a seed and be used everywhere in the world so that no human will lose their life due to lack of shelter.
The next topic is natural disasters, which is very common in Iran. The use of this design can be used as an emergency shelter in natural disasters.
In the rest of the year, this park is available as a healing garden for people, especially children, so that they can, in addition to having an equal and fair opportunity to learn with play, use scents and plants with medicinal properties and aroma therapy to improve their immune system.

In designing this urban park, we try to answer four urban challenges in Iran and the whole world. The opportunity for universal and equal education for children as the future builders of society, improving body safety and increasing the physical and mental health of users in order to reduce diseases, save the lives of the homeless from the cold and crisis management during natural disasters. More than winning in Awards & Competitions and the praise of experts, we are looking for help to people who may have been less noticed in the design of architects and urban planners.

*Healing Garden
The garden as a natural place is a safe and enclosed space that people take refuge in for comfort and relief from pain and sorrow. Gardens that can have a positive effect on most people in different ways are called healing gardens. With a well-thought-out design, a garden can reduce stress, nurture creativity and express the soul, and more garden healing means relieving stress and the space's ability to relax, rejuvenate and enhance mental health.

*Pay attention to children and a better future
Children learn through play and prepare for life through experience. This was one of the most important topics in the design. Direct and indirect education during children's activities and games in the healing garden, communication, cooperation and participation in collective activities and teaching of academic and non-academic subjects in each section have been considered and then designed.

*Responsive and activity-oriented environment
Showing activity results is a way to increase your child's activity in the future. When a child starts and plays, he or she realizes that his or her activity affects the environment and learns that every activity he or she does has consequences. His mind wanders that this will help him in the future.

Equipment is one of the most important elements of urban parks, especially children's parks. Most of these devices are made of wood, plastic and iron, during construction, they try to create integration in these devices.
In the public park, for parental supervision, equipment is placed in a place that is visible to them and they can see their child's activity. These fields are designed with different shapes and components and are used in parks. Usually, according to safety principles, they anticipate possible dangers during the game and by design, reduce the risk of accidents.
Some people believe that in order to strengthen a child's imagination, it is better to use shapeless objects so that the child can visualize them in his mind and use them.
Usually, some children find it more difficult to get active and active. It is necessary to create conditions by designing them to be absorbed and active, to communicate with others and to gain experience.
Familiarity with some tools, equipment and jobs in the game space can be a source of interest along with training. Children build their future in those occupations and realize what they are most interested in and what talents and skills they should spend more time on for the future.

Important points in designing game equipment
1- Use warm and happy colors in making parts related to children.
2- The materials used should be soft on the surface and sides and without any sharpness
3- Create security and a sense of security for the child.
4- It helps children to learn and has an educational aspect, especially indirectly. Of course, it is not bad sometimes to teach directly, but the effect of indirect education will be more
5 - According to health issues, especially the diseases that we are currently dealing with should be disinfectants.
6- There is charm along with helping the child's imagination
7- Play equipment should be the basis for the child's independence and he can use it
without the need for help.
8- Play equipment should point to familiar items in the child's mind so that he can communicate better with them.

*Ability to use the designed furniture of the park at all hours and all seasons
The use of materials with a high thermal coefficient causes the gradual absorption of heat during the day and its gradual release at night. In addition, this goal can be easily achieved by changing the details and adding some simple systems.

*Use the park and its furniture during the accident and after the accident
Green space, as one of the public spaces used in special occasions and also used by some users around the clock, feels the need for furniture that can be used in all situations, especially emergencies. Things like placing a solar cell, storing solar energy and converting it into electrical energy to charge users' mobile phones and belongings, placing a first aid kit and designing so that the furniture can be used as a temporary shelter.

*Pay attention to the design challenge against virus pandemic and epidemic issues
The issue of users' health has always been a concern of landscape architects. It has been predicted that with the outbreak of coronary heart disease and its spread, new principles in design and architecture will be created. In this plan, according to observing, reviewing and studying the ideas presented by architects, designers and health tips provided by physicians, try to upgrade, combine and present in the form of a coherent architectural plan in order to prevent the spread and eliminate the disease chain. In addition to maximizing the use of space for users, in addition to performing social responsibility as an architect and landscape designer, they face the challenges of the day, together with like-minded international designers and architects, through the path of promotion and integration of ideas to seek the best response and creation. A suitable space for the presence and activity of users.
The new arrangement of furniture, attention to social spacing, design of handles and openings, tips and innovations related to toilets, space disinfection systems and users are some of the items that have been used in the design.
In designing this plan, an attempt has been made to be one of the first plans related to landscape architecture, which deals with corona and post-corona and the conditions of activity and the presence of users in urban green space in the design.

*Balance between sociability and individual privacy in park spaces
Each person, depending on their personal characteristics and mood, decides to be in social or private spaces. It should be noted that users have the right to choose and our design should not limit them. Flexible design according to the tastes and circumstances of each person is a topic that should be used in the design of the play space.
Due to the need of children for security in space, one of the important principles in designing this collection has been paying attention to CPTED.

*Crime prevention using CPTED environmental design
Crime prevention using environmental design is a purposeful approach to efficiently and intelligently design environmental components by optimally using the artificial environment to reduce crime. This has a great impact on increasing social capital, improving the quality of life and increasing citizenship satisfaction and thus improving the social welfare of society. The CPTED approach can be effective in two dimensions: the real reduction of crime in urban environments on the one hand, and the increase of their sense of safety and security in space. The most basic principles of CPTED can be summarized in the term OTREF (Opportunity, Target, Risk, Effort). That is, the advantage of committing a crime is a function of the effort (amount) of risk, purpose, and opportunity. The CPTED approach examines precisely the urban form and its relationship to urban crime. According to this theory, urban designers and planners, with the knowledge and experience they have, according to the construction capacity of the environment to reduce the fear of crime and reduce the potential for abuse in the environment, design and plan urban


*Designing the safe space against disease and disease contagion with Far-UVC:
Sunlight, especially it's ultraviolet light, is known as one of the most effective disinfectants, which has been used by humans since the beginning. Later, with the advancement of science artificially, ultraviolet lamps were used to disinfect spaces and objects. And now, with further studies, advances in science, review of research and design samples, their upgrading and optimization, we have become acquainted with a specific wavelength of ultraviolet light that, in addition to its ability to kill viruses, is not harmful to humans and animals.
Items that were made available to the public, industrial designers, and architects through experiments and research of different groups and related science specialists for free. By studying and observing the presented designs, we were able to create a smart and responsive space, a safe space away from viruses. Design with the ability to expand the space.
Coronaviruses are a large family of single-stranded RNA viruses that cause a wide range of diseases of varying severity. Necessary measures to deal with this disease include hygiene and cleansing of hands, body, clothes, tools and equipment. Ultraviolet light has been used in industry for many years to cleanse viruses, which has been created due to the intense absorption of energy by organic bases in the microbial nucleic acid.
UVC lamps 200 to 280 nm have been used for decades to disinfect, kill germs and viruses in hospitals, and when used, the workplace should be empty of staff because these lamps are mostly 254 nm. They are used that can penetrate the eyes and skin and cause inflammation and pain. However, wavelengths shorter than 230 nm have much less penetration into the skin and will cause less damage. The upper layers of the skin are a natural protector against short wavelengths of UVC rays. Ultraviolet lamps with wavelengths longer than 230 nm are less dangerous than existing germicidal lamps. Far-UVC lamps 222 nm are safe for humans and animals; Because the proteins in the skin effectively absorb this light and are considered a natural protective barrier.
With this UVC, in addition to its antimicrobial properties, it can be used without damaging the skin and eyes of humans and animals, and cleaning and microbializing operations can be performed in the presence of humans and animals.
According to research and scientific evidence, the use of this specific wavelength of ultraviolet light in the design in addition to urban spaces in places such as hospitals, buses, airplanes, trains, train stations, schools, restaurants, offices, theaters, gyms and everywhere Far-UVC can be used, along with other precautions, to prevent the spread of viruses.
The researchers found that continuous exposure to Far-UVC radiation reduced airborne viruses by 90 percent in 8 minutes, 95 percent in about 11 minutes, 99 percent in about 16 minutes, and 99.9 percent in about 25 minutes. Preliminary results from another study show that Far-UVC ultraviolet light is also effective against SARS-CoV-2 virus. According to research and scientific evidence, the use of this specific wavelength of ultraviolet light in the design in addition to urban spaces in places such as hospitals, buses, airplanes, trains, train stations, schools, restaurants, offices, theaters, gyms and everywhere Far-UVC can be used, along with other precautions, to prevent the spread of viruses.

* Life Shelter:
In this design, spaces are equipped with the help of a soft robot.
In this way, it is placed inside the surface of the interior spaces, especially the false ceiling, in order not to occupy the useful space until the moment of emergency, and it is activated against disasters such as floods, earthquakes, landslides, fires, bombings, armed robbery, etc., so that it is a safe shelter to save human life.
The initial idea of the formation of this project came from the tragic experience of the Bam earthquake in 2003 and the proximity to the birthplace of the inventor of Kermani, who witnessed firsthand the severity and intensity of the disaster at the time of occurrence (even to the extent of a suitable shelter) and the difficulties of crisis management and relief. After that, with the aim of increasing the resilience of the interior spaces of buildings, especially high-rise buildings, and creating an operating instruction to reduce injuries that lead to the death of humans, research was gradually started and various experimental samples were operationalized.
The most important goals of this system are:
1-Activation at the same time as the alarm by the crisis management centers, which prevents loss of time, confusion and stress in the shelter.
2-Pre-accident measures reduce crowding and casualties from exiting the building.
3-Practical response during unexpected accidents, especially for disabled people
4-Prevention and reduction of damage caused by falling internal debris
5-Pre-supplied shelter for emergency accommodation or post-accident shelter, especially against environmental factors.
6-Synchronization with cloud space in order to guide, monitor and communicate directly with users, prevent loss, facilitate location and rescue operations
7-The possibility of installation and operation for buildings that are being implemented and constructed with various types of office, commercial and residential use without occupying space permanently.

Designer: Mohsen Kheirmand Parizi , Mostafa Taghizadeh & Pouya Hekmatjoo
Instructor: Dr. Ahmad Ekhlasi, Dr. Abbas Tarkashvand & & Dr.Kaveh Farhadi,
Collaborators: Shahla Mohseni, Zahra Ghanbari, Ashkan Motamed Alikhani, Zahra Rezaee & Bahare Dahaghin

Under Support of:
Natural Disaster Research Institute
Disaster Management Startup Incubator
Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST)
Islamic Azad University — West Tehran Branch (WTIAU) and Parand Branch (PIAU)
Young Researchers and Elite Club of Islamic Azad University — West Tehran Branch and Parand Branch

Children's Healing-Educational Garden as Humans Life Shelter by Mohsen Kheirmand Parizi in Iran won the WA Award Cycle 46. Please find below the WA Award poster for this project.

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Mohsen Kheirmand Parizi

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