The process of interior architect cooperation in hospital design
Physical program: The design of the hospital is somewhat different according to the climatic conditions and health and regional needs, but there are fixed standards that have economic and functional origins and the relationships of spaces are under a general system in the hospital. A good plan should have the best form of division and organization. Before starting the design, there should be an architectural and functional plan in which the spaces and their areas are specified. In more complete plans, the specifications of the indoor equipment and the temperature, air pressure, lighting, type of materials, etc. are also mentioned. The interior architect can do the necessary research and at this stage cooperate in describing the specific criteria of each space and preparing the layout inside them with precise dimensions and dimensions. Schematic plan:
Schematic plan design starts according to the physical program. Usually a block is considered for each section and different forms of their combination are examined. The combination of different parts of nursing is very important from the managerial and economic aspects (medical service economics). In all horizontal and vertical routes, there should be a logical function, both in terms of health and in terms of medical, logistical and personnel services, such as distinguishing routes (dirty and clean), outpatient route, hospitalization and emergency room visits, etc. Preliminary plan: After a general study and analysis of schematic plans, work continues on a specific plan. The preliminary plan will be the expansion of the schematic plan, which will be drawn with the scale. Preparing a preliminary plan will be the joint work of the team. An interior architect, based on all that has been said, and based on the information and research he did at the beginning of his career, suggests layouts for different parts. By selecting and combining them properly, a preliminary design is formed. He may also have comments on the general communication of schematic plans. Sometimes the interior details may be related to the structure of the building. That coordination is a superior task. In such a way, the space is perceived in detail, and when all the activities within them are completely clear, the design is done more creatively. Shows the preliminary plan of fixed equipment. It is very important to know whether the moving equipment fits inside the rooms and whether it matches the dimensions of the spaces or not. Awareness of the equipment and functions inside the hospital and the activities that take place inside the spaces, allows the interior architect to design a new shape of the spaces inside the wards. All the designed parts are drawn in detail, and in these drawings, the interior architect accompanies the architect with the knowledge of the equipment and functions inside the hospital. Then, consultants and managers and the construction committee review the leathers. According to Frank Lloydwright: "A good plan is both a beginning and an end. A plan is a scientific and artistic prediction of work. Because all good plans are organic, and this plan will include the rhythms, volumes and components of a good decoration. . " "Due to the increasing use of medical devices in various stages of treatment, the cooperation of the medical engineer with the knowledge of the equipment and activities that are performed inside the spaces is very useful." The effect of interior spaces on the architectural form of the hospital: Communication within the wards, establishing the best and shortest relationship between the nursing center and the inpatient rooms, the number of beds under care, how the rooms are arranged and the way of lighting determine the shape of the inpatient wards. Combining several parts together and then stacking them together, the geometric shape of the hospital tower is created. In most hospitals built with experienced standards and good returns, shapes similar to the letters of the alphabet are obtained that reflect the communications of the wards. For example, the forms H, T, Y, and X represent the communication corridors of the sections, which are repeated in the form of towers on the floors. Of course, in these forms, the sections are designed in the form of direct corridors and economic and functional issues are examined in these forms. Any innovations in this regard, such as the shape of the beds around the nursing station that improve patient care or new patient control systems that may be computer-assisted with scientific medical advances and affect the internal form of the ward, will ultimately affect the external form of the hospital. کرد. Hospitals are usually corridors with small rooms branching off from them. Attention to the patient's vision is a determining factor in the internal communication of hospital spaces. To get rid of the monotony of such a view, corridors can be designed in the form of more pleasant spaces that become unpretentious places in nursing places. Of course, removing the corridors in the sections is not easy. Direct vision is much better for the nurse, and the possibility of future expansion is a logical reason for the corridors. It is necessary to pay attention to these two points to create problems in other sections. The role of the interior architect in the hospital design team: The work that an interior architect can do in the hospital design team is very fundamental and may affect the overall design due to the special attention it pays to the interior spaces. Of course, in the kartimi and group methods, the workload increases a lot, but the quality of work is higher. Today, more attention is paid to the vital impact of the surrounding spaces, especially in the hospital, this need for kindness is strongly felt. It also seems necessary to create a cultural relationship, alleviate fear, create intimacy and a happy environment. A designer even researches the psychological and emotional complexities of maintaining health in order to create a completely relaxed environment that meets the needs of its users.



Area 7000 Square meters

Komeil Motahar