“Shanchita” means a “collection of memories”, in a way to treasure. The lifestyle of Dhaka has considerably changed over the last 35 years. Beautiful one unit houses with gardens have been replaced by uncaring high-rise apartments. Today's apartments serve only to provide us with a residence and do little to become a home. The houses of the yesteryears held a rich collection of memories because families lived together, their gardens were treasured by the children to the elderly. There trees, verandas, terraces were not just elements but integral part of the life of the occupants.
The clients aspired for a 'Baganbari' - house in a garden, where their own children could grow up with ample places to play (something which is totally missing in the apartment housing of Dhaka presently). And for them to entertain guests and relatives, something which is deeply engrain in the society of Dhaka. We decided then to develop 'Shanchita' for them. The house aspires to provide them and their children a collection of memories for them to grow in and cherish.
The structural system was composite structure consisting concrete framing and shear walls.
• The rendering of facades are done with sandstone which is locally available and is imported from neighboring country, India.
• The infill is of local brick.
• Floors are finished with a combination of travertine and local wood.
• The ceilings are plastered and paint finished, the terraces and verandas are rustic tiles.
The way the design was developed was to find that one stroke that will address site, climate, surrounding and yet bring back the 'Baganbari' (house in a garden) and create 'Shanchita' - the event that will not only bring back memories but will also nurture new memories. And with the lyrical play of only a few parallel lines this was achieved. The parallel walls blind the surrounding high-rises and at the same time orients the house towards the south east, the ideal direction for light and wind, ensuring that all rooms are naturally ventilated (during most of the day, the room require no artificial light and air conditioning).
One enters into a forecourt then walks into the exterior of the house and realizes that the whole house is actively set around an internal courtyard. All the rooms open up into this courtyard and on fine weather the house becomes a continuous veranda. The courtyard is a blinded on one side from voyeurism by wall, part of which is structural and supports the hanging library. The strategic location of the library allows the lady of the house to look over the whole house. The atrium like entry is also the gallery wall to accommodate the art collection of the client.
The house is formless-its edges are blurred- it's a continuous interplay of the exterior and the interior. The geometry of the house is a geometry of experience, and the experiences are rich with genetic strains off our past, our culture, and specially the glamorous eventful Mughal heritage. Daily life has become so busy in the city that at the end of the day one can only enjoy his own house. Also one is often asking people over more in the evening than day time. Mughal gardens and pavilions were not only designed for use during day but also to be enjoyed at night.
The project is inspired from this unique nature of "night time" use of garden and spaces has been designed with a deliberate fragrance map and also illumination map which transform the project at night into a celebration. Different scented flowers are situated at different locations, some to relax, some to enchanted, some to excite. The illumination map (lighting design) has many layers, to accommodate different scale of events and the way the interior space as well as the landscape is lip, it becomes a continuous and harmonious relationship-spanning from relaxation to celebration.
The different water bodies have a sound map creating different kind of sound resulting a different and deliberate ambience. It engages all our senses and becomes more than space and form. It is not only seen but also felt, heard and experienced. It links to history and culture at an extremely transformed level befitting for our times and not only at elemental or pattern level. 'Shanchita' is both new and old, both personal and shared, it is an evidence that change and modernity can have strong genetic strains and not to be afraid to be new.
Client Name: Adnan Chowdhury
Project Address: Road no 6/A, Dhanmondi, Dhaka
Project Cost: 5 crores
Total built area: 25000 sqft
Site area: 14400 sqft
Architectural designers: Nurur Rahman Khan, Tanya Karim, Sabbir Ahmed
1. Nurur Rahman Khan, Principal Architect
2. Tanya Karim, Principal Architect
3. Sabbir Ahmed, Architect
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