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UAD creates a giant void at the center of Jiashan Museum and Library in Zhejiang, China
China Architecture News - May 28, 2021 - 15:38 2869 views
The Architectural Design & Research Institute of Zhejiang University (UAD) has created a giant void at the center of a museum and library complex in Jiashan, Zhejiang, China.
Named Jiashan Museum & Library, the 47,800-square-metre building has been designed as a cultural complex that can act as a large outdoor public activity venue for local citizens.
"Jiashan is an eco-friendly and green development demonstration area in the Yangtze River Delta, a Top 100 Chinese county, as well as the only county-level scientific development demonstration area in China," said UAD.
Located on a limited plot area, the project lacks space to accommodate a large-capacity outdoor public activity venue.
The site is adjacent to an open urban landscape space, which is under planning but the construction has been postponed. Therefore, the architects had to explore and conceive architectural spaces within the plot.
South facade along the street
Considering the site conditions, the architects designed an open void at the middle as the core, and combined three architectural volumes around it to enclose a square for the crowd, this void is also an outdoor extension of the foyers of the library and museum.
The square provides resting space for citizens, while also connecting the museum and library. Moreover, it serves diversified public activities such as outdoor exhibition, pop-up book market, etc., fully embodying the functions and image of an urban "knowledge hall and cultural living room".
The three building volumes are arranged at appropriate positions according to their respective functions. The museum is set at the southeast corner and near an intersection. It has a closed facade, which shows a clean, neat and iconic image.
The library is situated on the north side and faces the river. It boasts ample daylighting on north and sides, and the museum isolates it from the noisy urban road.
The building volume at southwest corner and close to the open urban landscape area accommodates shared ancillary facilities for the museum and library, including lecture hall, casual dining area.
The architects take inspiration from local cultural context. "Jiashan is located in the north of Zhejiang Province, and adjoins Shanghai and Jiangsu. It features a dense water network and developed shipping industry," added the firm.
"In Ming and Qing dynasties, Jiashan was known as the "Country of a Thousand Kilns", because the kiln industry in the county back then was prosperous and most of its bricks were produced for imperial palaces."
View of museum facade from street corner
The form of the square is inspired by local brick kilns. As the studio highlights, it's an abstract yet modern "brick kiln" space, which reflects a meaningful attempt to extend building boundaries. Meanwhile, it blurs the boundary between interior and outside, openness and privacy.
The architecture has a smooth and simple appearance, which is complemented by large areas of flat and light-hued stone curtain walls and characterized by texture contrast. Inner facades draw on the stacked structures of brick kilns, and form brick-red curved surfaces.
Interior atrium of museum
The strong contrast of external and inner facades implies the idea that the unexpected and spectacular is hidden in a plain shell.
The whole architecture is like a natural jade that reveals brilliance after being cut open. It's also like a city that collects culture and treasure, which echoes the design theme "Book Repository and Treasure Kiln".
Side hall of museum
River-facing north facade
Resting area of library
Library reading room
View of inner square from south entrance
Details of stone curtain wall
Details of glass curtain wall at inner square
1st floor plan
2nd floor plan
3rd floor plan
4th floor plan
5th floor plan
Project name: Jiashan Museum & Library
Location: Jiashan, Zhejiang, China
Design firm: The Architectural Design & Research Institute of Zhejiang University Co., Ltd. (UAD)
Area: 47,800 square meters
Architectural design: Yang Yidong, Xu Ruofeng, Lin Zaiguo, Zhang Heng, Zhang Pengfei
Structural design: Zhang Mingshan, Xia Liang, Xu Quanbiao
MEP design: Gong Zengrong, Dong Shaobing, Yang Yi, Yang Guozhong, Huang Zhengjie, Liu Haifeng, Yu Lilun, Wang Lei
Curtain wall design: Hang Fei, Yu Hao
Interior design: Yang Yidong, Xu Ruofeng, Lin Zaiguo, Luo Jingwei, Zhang Pengfei
Landscape design: Xia Jiming
Lighting design: Yang Xin
All images © Zhao Qiang
All drawings © UAD
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