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David Chipperfield completes James Simon Galerie as a new gateway to Museum Island in Berlin
Germany Architecture News - Dec 18, 2018 - 08:12 15732 views
David Chipperfield Architects has completed the new James Simon Galerie that serves as the new entrance building of the Museum Island, completing the ensemble between the Kupfergraben canal and the south-west façade of the Neues Museum.
Designed as a continuation of Friedrich August Stüler’s forum architecture, the new building dissepears within the "Archaeological Promenade" with its opaque stone facade and slender columns.
Image © Simon Menges
The James Simon Galerie forms the backbone of the masterplan that was developed in 1999 and adopted as the basis for all further planning on Museum Island. The building is sited on a narrow strip of land where Karl Friedrich Schinkel’s ‘Neuer Packhof’ administration building stood until 1938.
"The James Simon Galerie plays a significant role and is suitable for welcoming large numbers of visitors, housing all the facilities required by the contemporary museum-goer. The James Simon Galerie addresses itself to the Lustgarten, the Schlossbrücke (Palace Bridge), and the Kupfergraben canal," said David Chipperfield Architects.
"It forms a physical connection above ground with the Pergamon Museum and links the museum via the Archaeological Promenade at basement level with the Neues Museum, the Altes Museum and the Bode Museum."
"A staggering lines of the building dimensions ensures that the view from the Schlossbrücke into the depths of the Museum Island and of the west façade of the Neues Museum is preserved," continued the studio.
By creating the high stone plinth for the building, the overall appearance reinforces the bank of the Kupfergraben canal, above which a tall colonnade rises up, expressing a classical piano nobile. Large parts of this principal level are made accessible to the public outside opening hours, further extending the public realm of the Museum Island.
The architects designed slender columns to become "a leitmotif, reminiscent of the famous sketch by Friedrich Wilhelm IV for his ‘cultural acropolis’."
"They continue Stüler’s colonnade that originally ended at Neues Museum, creating the new small colonnaded courtyard between the Neues Museum and the James Simon Galerie," added the firm.
Three flights of wide steps, set between the elongated plinth and the lower colonnade, invite visitors into the building. Arriving at the upper level, visitors enter a generous foyer, with direct level access to the main exhibition floor of the Pergamon Museum.
The foyer also encloses the cafeteria and opens out onto a grand terrace that runs the full length of the building. A mezzanine floor beneath the main entrance foyer accommodates the museum shop, a large cloakroom, toilet facilities and lockers, while the temporary exhibition spaces and an auditorium are situated in the basement level.
The architectural language of the James Simon Galerie follows existing elements of the Museum Island, primarily from the external architecture, such as built topography, colonnades and outdoor staircases, making reference to Schinkel, Stüler and the other architects involved in the creation of Museum Island.
The materiality of the building in reconstituted stone with natural stone aggregate blends in with the rich material palette of the Museum Island with its limestone, sandstone and rendered façades, while smooth in-situ concrete dominates the interior spaces.
The entrance building is named after one of the city’s most important patrons, James Simon, who bequeathed his art collections and excavation findings to the Berlin State Museums at the beginning of the twentieth century.
Image © Friederike Meyer
Image © Friederike Meyer
Top image © Simon Menges
All images © Ute Zscharnt, unless otherwise stated.
All drawings © David Chipperfield Architects