AIM -
DESIGNING A CAMPUS FOR AN “INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTURE”, EMPHASIZING ON “COMPONENTS OF BUILDING”.

AN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTURE IS BASED ON THE THEME “COMPONENTS OF BUILDING”. THE COMPONENTS OF BUILDING, TECHNIQUES, AND THE INDUSTRY INVOLVED IN THE ASSEMBLY AND ERECTION OF STRUCTURES, PRIMARILY THOSE USED TO PROVIDE SHELTER.

THE COMPONENTS OF BUILDING THUS INVOLVE AN UNDERSTANDING OF THE NATURE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF SEVERAL MATERIALS; THE METHODS TO PROCESS AND FORM THEM INTO BUILDING UNITS AND COMPONENTS; STRUCTURAL PRINCIPLES; STABILITY AND BEHAVIOR UNDER LOAD.

“COMPONENTS OF BUILDING” IS DIVIDED INTO TWO CATEGORIES:-
SUBSTRUCTURES - STRUCTURES USED BELOW THE GROUND LEVEL.
SUPERSTRUCTURE - STRUCTURES USED ABOVE GROUND LEVEL.

DESIGN INCLUDES THE IDEA TO MAKE STUDENTS LEARN AND PRACTICALLY EXPERIENCE THE COMPONENTS OF BUILDING FOR THEIR BETTER UNDERSTANDING ABOUT ARCHITECTURE. THE USE OF DIFFERENT COMPONENTS OF BUILDING, WHICH A STUDENT STUDIES DURING THE FIVE YEAR COURSE OF ARCHITECTURE ARE SUCH INCORPORATED AROUND THE ARCHITECTURAL INSTITUTE AT APPROPRIATE SPACES, SO THAT STUDENT LEARNS BY OBSERVING THEM PRACTICALLY.

THE DESIGN USES ONLY ONE SUBTYPE OF COMPONENTS OF BUILDING I.E SUPERSTRUCTURE, COMPONENTS OF BUILDING, WHICH INCLUDE TYPES OF ROOFS, TRUSSES, SLAB, COLUMNS, WALL MASONRY, PIERS, ARCHES, LINTELS, FALSE CEILING, FLOORING, STAIRCASE, RAILINGS, DOORS, AND WINDOWS. IT FOCUSES ON THEIR DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES AND AS WELL AS THEIR MATERIAL.

THE INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTURE, IS A HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTE, SPECIALIZING EDUCATION AND RESEARCH IN THE FIELD OF URBAN PLANNING, ARCHITECTURE, LANDSCAPE ETC AND DESIGNING A CAMPUS FOR SUCH AN INSTITUTE INCLUDES MANY OTHER AMENITIES AS HOSTELS, CAFES, PLAYGROUND, GUEST HOUSES, STAFF QUARTERS ETC.

CONCEPT:
• THE MAIN CONCEPT IS OBSERVATIONAL AND PRACTICAL LEARNING OF A STUDENT. RELATING THIS TO CONE OF VISION OF A HUMAN BEING WHICH IS 120°, USED FOR OBSERVING THINGS. VIEWPOINTS HAVE BEEN SET AT ROAD ALONG THE TWO SIDES OF THE SITE, THE VIEWPOINTS ARE SET AT 40M DISTANCE TO GET 7 POINTS AND OVERLAPPING THEM GIVES THE OUTLINE OF THE INSTITUTE BUILDING.
• AS THERE IS A RESTRICTION OF 15M IN HEIGHT, THE BUILDING STRETCHES HORIZONTALLY AND TO BALANCE IT, ELEMENTS HAVE BEEN USED TO ENHANCE THE BUILDING’S AESTHETICS VERTICALLY, SUCH AS Y-COLUMNS, VERTICAL LOUVERS, PIERS ETC
• THE DESIGN OF ARCHITECTURAL INSTITUTE, EMPHASIZING ON COMPONENTS OF BUILDING ALLOWS BETTER LEARNING OF EVERY ARCHITECTURE STUDENT, OBSERVING COMPONENTS PRACTICALLY INSIDE THE CAMPUS.

2020

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SITE LOCATION:- SECTOR 40, ATAL NAGAR (NAYA RAIPUR), CHHATTISGARH, INDIA
SITE AREA: - 32822.46 SQ. M/3.28 HECTARES
SETBACKS :- FRONT - 15M
OTHER SIDES - 9M
PERMISSIBLE GROUND COVERAGE:- 30% (9846.73 SQ.M )
PROPOSED GROUND COVERAGE:- 23.44%% (7693.58 SQ. M )
GROUND COVERAGE OF MAIN BUILDING:- 14.8% (4897.73 SQ.M)
GROUND COVERAGE OF APARTMENTS
AND GROUND COVERAGE OF VILLA:- 3.50%(795.41 SQ.M + 356.49 SQ.M)
GROUND COVERAGE OF DISPENSARY:- 0.24%(80.43 SQ.M)
GROUND COVERAGE OF HOSTEL:- 4.90%(1621.14 SQ.M)
BUILT-UP AREA OF MAIN BUILDING:- 15134.66 SQ.M
BUILT-UP AREA OF APARTMENT:- 3977.05 SQ.M
BUILT-UP AREA OF VILLA:- 712.98 SQ.M
BUILT-UP AREA OF DISPENSARY:- 160.83 SQ.M
BUILT-UP AREA OF HOSTEL:- 8105.07 SQ.M
PERMISSIBLE HEIGHT :- 15M
PROPOSED HEIGHT :- 15M
PERMISSIBLE FAR :- 1.2
PROPOSED FAR :- 0.85
PERMISSIBLE BUILT UP AREA :- 39386.46 SQ. M
PROPOSED BUILT UP AREA :- 28090.55 SQ.M

FEW IMPORTANT NOTES;-

• A BUFFER ZONE AT THE MAIN ENTRANCE OF THE CAMPUS IS PROVIDED FOR THE CHECKING OF HEAVY VEHICLES.
• THE CONCEPT OF MUTUAL SHADING IS USED BY LIFTING THE WESTERN SIDE INTENTIONALLY. THE UPPER FLOORS FROM THE EASTERN SIDE ARE SHORTENED TO USE THE MUTUAL SHADING CONCEPT. DIFFERENT LEVELS HAVE BEEN PROVIDED TO INCREASE THE HEIGHT ACCORDINGLY.
• THE CANTILEVER IS DESIGNED AT THE WEST AND SOUTHSIDE TO CUT OFF THE EXCESSIVE HEAT.
• HOSTEL DESIGN IS ADAPTIVE TO NATURE, IT MERGES WITH THE SURROUNDING NATURE.
• A SCULPTURE HAS BEEN DESIGNED SHOWING THE FIVE ELEMENTS OF VASTUSHASTRA ( VASTU+KALA = ARCHITECTURE)
• LANDSCAPING IN THE CAMPUS SHOWS THE ARCHITECTURAL TOOLS USED BY STUDENTS LIKE SET SQUARES, PROTRACTORS ETC.
• PEDESTRIAN PATH AT FRONT OF MAIN ENTRANCE INDICATES NORTH.
• THE WASTE DISPOSAL PLANT AND STP HAVE BEEN PLANNED AT THE NORTH AND EAST SIDE RESPECTIVELY FOR PROPER FUNCTIONING IN THE CAMPUS.
• SOLAR PANELS ARE PLACED ABOVE THE SLANTED ROOF OF AUDITORIUM FACING SOUTH TO RECEIVE THE MAXIMUM SUNLIGHT.
• BAY WINDOWS ARE USED AT THE NORTH SIDE, TO ACQUIRE MAXIMUM ENTRY OF SUNLIGHT.
• SLIT WINDOWS ARE USED AT THE SOUTH FACADE TO MINIMISE THE ENTRY OF HEAT AND SUNLIGHT.
• CENTRAL ATRIUMS ARE PLANNED FOR PROPER NATURAL LIGHT AND VENTILATION.
• LUX ANALYSIS IS BEEN DONE FOR EVERY INTERIOR SPACES AND IT HAS BEEN SHOWN IN THE IMAGES.
• INTERACTIVE SPACES HAVE BEEN DESIGNED AT THE BACKSIDE OF THE MAIN BUILDING, SO THAT IT SHOULD NOT FACE SEVERE HEAT FROM THE SOUTH SUN.
• BRICK JAALI HAVE BEEN USED AT EAST AND NORTH FAÇADE OF THE BUILDING TO ACQUIRE THE REQUIRED AMOUNT OF LIGHT AND AIR.
• USE OF HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL LOUVERS FOR CONTROLLING HEAT, LIGHT, AND AIR, IT ALSO ADDS BEAUTY TO THE AESTHETICS OF THE MAIN BUILDING.
• TO MAKE STUDENTS LEARN PRACTICALLY, USE OF COLOR SCHEMES, COLOR WHEEL, TINTS, AND SHADES HAVE BEEN DONE IN THE INTERIORS OF MAIN BUILDING, IT IS ALSO BEEN USED IN HOSTEL BLOCK.
• CANTILEVER HAS BEEN DESIGNED IN THE WEST SIDE OF THE MAIN BUILDING AND TO SUPPORT IT, Y-COLUMNS HAS BEEN USED WHICH ADD A CRISP FLAVOUR TO THE AESTHETICS OF THE WHOLE CAMPUS.

VISHAL NARA

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