VIKAS BHAVAN, ZIRA, PUNJAB
Architect: Sarbjit Singh Bahga, Chandigarh
The three-storied, compact building is designed on a pattern of Swastika-an ancient symbol of good fortune. The bold and dynamic form of the building represents the strong character of the agrarian state of Punjab, in general, and that of a typical Punjabi farmer, in particular.
Keeping in view the ground realities vis-à-vis the rustic lifestyle of the users, system of subletting of space and subsequent maintenance, the building is designed on a strict regimen of design controls. This is contrary to the prevailing norms of flexibility and open-plan system, which are alien to the rural or semi-urban India.
Conscious efforts have been made to protect the interiors from the harshness of summers. The building-form, with its four extended wings, ensures sufficient mutual shading for most part of the day, and thus remains cool by itself. The deeply-recessed windows and built-in cupboards along the external walls further help in keeping off the summer heat. Besides, a thoughtful placement of fenestrations ensures sufficient cross-ventilation. The slanting roofs not only help on draining off the storm water easily but also add to the grandeur of the architectural expression.