01. The Site
The avenue of Jiaozi, is a grand boulevard in Chengdu that stretches two kilometers from east to west, with a 25-meter wide of landscape space on both sides. The restaurant is one of the twenty service stations that dots the boulevard.
The site is located at the heart of the city, facing the busy street on the south and the soaring high rises on the north, and looking afar the twin towers at the end of the avenue. The sense of place is busy and intense, on first visit we immediately envisioned a proposal that would bring a breath of nature. Working with materials and tectonics that evoke a sense of nature, we try to create a relaxing and approachable setting for people to sit down and enjoy the food.
02. The Architectural Concept
The restaurant consists of a double-story dining space on the south and a concentrated back-of-house space on the north. A reflection pool is designed alongside the south façade and becomes a transition from the street to the entry. The water reflects the roof and the sky beyond and calms the mind of diners.
The mass of the project plays with a dialogue between the vernacular architecture and the contemporary cityscape. The east façade celebrates the traditional pitched roof of Sichuan residence while the west façade responds to the context in a rectangle profile. A twisting roof bridges the two sides and acts as a dynamic transition in between. The sprawling surfaces of double-curved roof stretch along a curved ridge in the middle and hover over the dining space and landscape underneath. The profile of the roof is dynamic and light, like the spreading wings of a bird that gently falls on the street.
03. The Structure
The structure of the project integrates steel columns and timber roof. Laminated timber beams adapt to the double-curved surfaces and extend from inside to outside in a diagonally crossing grids. The continuous pattern of structure unifies the interior and exterior and creates a dialogue between constructed nature and the landscape. To enhance the stability of the structure, each steel column is connected to two center points on grid with cross-shaped transfer beams, resulting in a unique branch-like structural elements on second floor.
The biggest challenge of structural design is to achieve the over 4-meter cantilever on south, where the curtain wall recedes. Four inclined columns are added from the foundation of front columns to ensure that the roof floats upon the reflection pool without any support on the outside. The inclined columns also shape a linear void space along the curtain wall, through which visitors from the lower level have a chance to appreciate the dynamic roof.
04. The Envelop
The façade design aims to achieve maximal transparency to enhance the continuity of timber structure from inside to outside. The curtain wall on south and north follows the crossing grid of the timber beams resulting in a continuous zigzag profile. When the restaurant is illuminated from inside, the timber structure is revealed to pedestrians through the glass.
The roof utilizes the aluminum honeycomb panels that reflects the environment and presents gradient color under the sun. The aluminum shell adapts to the form of roof and splits into multiple cascading layers. Translucent acrylic panels and LED lights are used at the splits between the layers and they render the roof with soft glow at night.
Gross built area: 600㎡
Materials: Aluminum honeycomb board, Finland spruce glued timber, Laminated glass
Brands: Aluminum honeycomb board-Shanghai Hingwah Honeycomb Technology Development Co., Ltd.，Finland spruce glued timber-UPM
Design Director: Darcy Chang, Rachael Ouyang
Design Team: Yingbo Li, Jingwen Shangguan, Yijun Chen, Sam Sun
Project location: No.456, Jiaozi avenue, Chengdu city
Photo credit: xf-photography, Shangru Chen
Architecture construction drawing: SADI
Timber structure design and construction: Shanghai SKF Arch Technology Ltd.
Structure consultant: SADI
MEP consultant: SADI
Curtain wall consultant: SADI
Interior design: HDC
Landscape design: BEHIVE Architects, HDC
Construction contractor: Chengdu Beite construction installation engineering Co., Ltd.
Double curved aluminum honeycomb board construction contractor: Shanghai Shenfei new curtain wall engineering Co., Ltd.
Curtain wall construction contractor: Zhongzhi Construction Engineering Group Co., Ltd.
Clients: Chengdu High-Tech West Zone Development Construction Co., Ltd.
Restaurant brand operator: China·Sichuan ChuanHsi PaTzu Restaurant Management Co.,Ltd.