MUNICIPAL PUBLIC LIBRARY in OPOLE
Poland , Opole ul.Minoryt&o’w 4
arch. Malgorzata Zatwarnicka
arch. Andrzej Zatwarnicki
Total area 2 866 m²
Volume 10742 m³
The building is located on the edge of the old town of Opole, near the market square. Near the Mlyn&o’wka canal and the city park-where the medieval city walls used to stand. In the immediate vicinity there is a Gothic-Baroque Franciscan monastery and the Central Museum of Prisoners-of-War .The object is built on the marlstone fault of the Odra River. During of the the archaeological work done while the execution of the object revealed fragments of medieval city walls, which, after reconstitution, are exhibited on the object. From the nearby park spreads a view of the old town panorama, a new library, the Franciscan church, town hall and the Piastowska tower.
The library building has two external and stylistic varied modules: older containing existing nineteenth-century tenement house and using its neoclassical facade and a new module with a simple form cascading integrates with the surroundings. South-western elevation preserves built line determined by the old city defensive wall along the Mlyn&o’wka canal. In the back of the area from the side of the Central Museum of Prisoners-of-War was left slight open patio accessible from the conference room, which increases it's usable area. The main entrance to the library is located in the new part of the building, this space is determined by the glass slot between the pylons and distinguished strip of floor pervading to the interior.
The facade of the old nineteenth-century tenement house (renewed and adopted without rebuild)-rich in detail has been assembled with a new, simple form. The separation to makes up a glass slot. The new part in a symbolic way shall link with the function of library - volumes of books arranged on a shelf, or as written sheets of paper. Walls "typed" with newspaper graffiti of poetry,horizontal rhythm refers to the divisions and cornices of the historic facade. Slots and glazing from the side of park and Mlynowka canal opens spaces of the designed building on the surrounding greenery, water and secession "Penny Bridge", their lets us look inside. Active relation with the surroundings and a smooth passage from the inside to the outside and from the outside to the inside is important. Reminiscence of the past on the outside of the building except the left old facade is renovated section of the medieval defensive city wall-build out of brick, next to the stone staircase leading from the park to the level of the platform where boats can stop. Above the mentioned descent, on the southern elevation were designed balconies - symbols of observation points on an old tower. New and the old part of the building, are "separated" by filled with stones "moat" with bamboos, which is continued by running through all the storeys slot inside, and outside it is a narrow glass connection between the two parts of a building, that brightens each floor. Connection of both parts, new and old at all levels enable the walkways, bridges between the old and the new.